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According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 3 million people die each year from alcohol abuse, and 13.5% of all deaths among those aged 20-39 are alcohol-related. Of course, there are ways to stop drinking, but it’s always better to prevent the addiction.

In this article, we gathered scientifically based facts about the irreversible health effects of alcohol consumption. 

Alcohol does not save from depression

Sober people and alcoholics have about the same chance of developing depression - 70% and 80% respectively. While people who drink a glass of wine every day have the lowest chance. But people often do not drink forcibly: due to chronic illness or lack of money, so they may become depressed not because of a lack of ethyl alcohol in the blood, but because of their life situation and lack of communication with friends in the pub. It is important to distinguish between causes and effects.

There is no safe dose of alcohol

No matter how much we try to drink "in moderation", alcohol affects every cell of the body and harms it. Alcohol increases the risk of dementia, cancer of the pancreas, esophagus, liver, rectum, breast. People who drink excessively have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension and abdominal obesity. In addition, alcohol impairs the absorption of vitamins by the intestines.

Alcohol does not prolong life

Vice versa. The press and blogs spread the myth that coffee and alcohol prolong life instead of preventing quitting drinking. But this is a distortion and distortion of information. Peers of the century with a glass and a cup just have good genes, and probably other bonuses of existence. 

Do not combine coffee and alcohol

This is an official ban, in addition to the fact that alcohol is harmful.

In case of a hangover, coffee does not help everyone. On the other hand, caffeine helps to overcome the withdrawal syndrome, ie if a person drank and suddenly decided to tie. In addition, coffee significantly reduces the risk of liver cancer, especially in people who have hepatitis C and abuse alcohol, but if they no longer drink.

The brains of women and men react to alcohol differently

In women with alcoholism, the brain has significantly enlarged areas that are responsible for satisfying and encouraging behavior. And in men on the contrary. In this case, alcohol in men causes twice the release of dopamine (a mediator involved in the promotion) than in women. This now explains the higher prevalence of alcoholism among men.

Researchers also believe that women's brains are more vulnerable to alcohol damage.

Alcohol impairs the ability to think logically and rationally

Often this activates risky sexual behavior, ie unprotected sex with casual partners. On the other hand, the drop in blood pressure due to severe intoxication sometimes makes an erection impossible, and alcoholism is considered a predictor (exact harbinger) of sexual disorders. Remember that.

Alcohol alters the function of genes involved in cholesterol metabolism, maintaining vascular integrity, neuroplasticity, and neurotransmitter receptors.

These changes are called epigenetic, i.e. the genes are labeled, which changed the activity of genes. Quite often epigenetic changes are long-lasting and can even be passed on to the next generation. Alcoholism causes genes to trigger various processes - the brain has less control over behavior, cholesterol levels and inflammatory background in the body increase. This is often combined with the accumulation of visceral fat - a universal indicator of early mortality, especially in men.

However, epigenetic changes and inflammation due to alcoholism and visceral obesity can be partially stopped due to exercise and abstinence from alcohol.

The risk of a heart attack temporarily increases after drinking alcohol

In heat with sweat valuable electrolytes for work of heart are deduced: potassium, sodium. It is difficult for the heart to work in such conditions. From the heat and dilation of blood vessels, the pressure can drop significantly and even cause dizziness. People with heart disease can not drink in hot weather.

Alcohol and active recreation are incompatible

Due to the high temperature, we get drunk faster: the reaction slows down, coordination of movements, attention, ability to adequately assess our own capabilities and the situation around us deteriorate. As a result, you can harm not only yourself but also others.

The best alcoholic beverage on hot days is the absence of alcohol. The heat increases the health risks of drinking alcohol.In the heat, we lose water, and alcohol makes it worse - it acts as a diuretic, that is, causes the kidneys to excrete water, not retain it.

And finally. Even if all these arguments do not turn you to respect water, coffee, and tea or stop drinking - never drive if you are drunk or tipsy. Any amount of alcohol in the blood can affect driving skills and increase the risk of an accident.

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